Tuesday, May 21, 2013
Today from Hiiraan Online:
Federalism is in Somalia; partly known but not recognized
By Haji Awes, Abdikader
National economist (cilmiga dhaqaalaha & siyaasadda)
Saturday, September 01, 2012
Anarchism in Somalia has deceased significantly, but federalism is in its crudest form constantly at the time new demands for change are being made. I consider the federal fundamental values. The word “federalism” has gained a really bad connotation in Somalia perhaps we have taken over an American parlance of Philadelphia about in 1787 which was when an American constitution had been drawn up.
"A country is federal if the government within its borders are shared between the central and regional levels, as well as the authorities at each level have extensive, independent and clearly defined powers."
Normally there are requirements for federalism; I have observed the following list:
• All federal States should be democracies.
• They shall have a written constitution.
• The Legislative Assembly at the central level will be divided into two chambers.
• They shall have two independent sets of courts, one of which is to deal with federal laws.
• They shall have an administrative court.
The Share of sovereignty
”The basic idea of federalism is to share power in the vertical direction as it had always been now and before, so that the higher instances only does what they normally do and not anything else. The power will then be down-toned as possible this is called the principle of subsidiarity. Subsidium means help troops, troops which help with standing by and watching as long as there was a good. But when it badly they stood up and intervened.” When it pertains to the share of sovereignty to the states which formed the union would be able to continue to govern themselves in their internal prosperity on the other hand the whole nation, represented by the union will continue to be part and provide the general needs”.
Policy makers dislike federalist
Federalism has a stormy history, and it is sometimes dangerous to be federalist as strong policy makers often tend to disagree with each other. However the idea of federalism is just to disassemble the power for freedom’s sake, even if it is necessary to bring the power together for liberations’ sake.
Unitarism instead of federalism
Unitarism is a parliamentary organisation which has been perceived as an integrated and harmonious system which is seen as something more like a happy family as an example to compare it to. A basic assumption of a uniform state approach which is no more than the country’s leaders and politicians, and all the state members of the national organization have the same goals, interests and objectives, as they work together, hand in hand, towards the common shared goals. Moreover, Unitarism is a paternalistic approach to where it demands loyalty of all politicians. I'm one of those independent scholars in the political and economic conflicts in Somalia I have concluded in my analysis that we can instead of federalism have had introduced the opposite of federalism and there is a unitary state, ”Unitarism” to prevent from occurring political tensions, and a setback or fall behind for the peace and prosperity process of the country as I describe and exemplify with Somalia:
“The case is not about whether or not the country is organized as a unitary state; the fact that a state is unitary does not necessarily mean to imply that it is strongly centralized. For example the characteristic of the Somali federal states autonomy implies an appreciable federal; it is based on a unilateral decision which is decided by the national authorities. Federal states have this autonomy because the parliament had decided on that. For instance, if the Somali parliament wishes to regain autonomy the federal states cannot prevent it from occurring”.
An interesting page of this description is that it has momentum and opportunities for development. I lock unfixed definitions at how the "must be" points to variations, the vitality and growing.
For an ideology that wishes to develop in a democratic advocacy, influence opportunities is the unitary or federal form, interesting to discuss and compare. There is room for visions and discussions.
The democratic forms are created all the time. It is a powerful game. It is not a question of where the Somali Federal State ideologies will be with and create, but how strong Federal States ideologies in Somalia can be.
I would now, with a paraphrase of my well-known words loud and clearly say to all 275 elected politicians in Somalia that federalism or the opposite of the federalism “unitarism”, are both to deal with the needs for common efforts in specific issues. These specific questions are: defence, law and order, the regulation of trade outwards and in-between States, and the foreign policy.
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