Somali tribes reject al-Shabaab call for financing its war efforts
Wednesday, July 04, 2012
Somali tribal leaders and officials have condemned al-Shabaab's recent calls for tribes to join the group's war efforts and fund its terrorist activities.
"Somali tribes have suffered from al-Shabaab's cruel and criminal activities and now all tribes have become well aware that al-Shabaab is their enemy and the enemy of peace, progress and prosperity," said Mohamed Hassan Haad, leader of the Hawiye tribe, one of the largest and most widespread tribes in the central areas.
"The tribes have also realised that al-Shabaab has been a plague on the people of Somalia, which is why Somali tribes cannot be accomplices with this group or respond to periodic calls from its leaders," he said.
On June 18th, al-Shabaab leader Ahmed Abdi Godane, also known as Mukhtar Abu Zubair, called on Somali tribes to join the group's so-called jihad. Then, on June 23rd, Yusuf Sheikh Isse, alias Kaba-kutukade, al-Shabaab's leader in Middle Shabelle region, called on Somali tribes and businessmen to contribute to the group's self-defence and its efforts to protect areas under its control.
Haad told Sabahi that calls by al-Shabaab's leaders to support and fund their armed activities are nothing new. "We call on all Somali tribes not to provide any form of support to radical groups that reject peace," he said. "On the contrary, we encourage the tribes to fight al-Shabaab."
Tribal leader Sultan Mohammed Saeed also called on citizens to rise against the al-Qaeda-allied organisation.
"We call on residents living in the areas under rebel control to start a popular uprising and to reject the radicals' outrageous acts," he told Sabahi.
"We encourage the tribes to stage revolutions against al-Shabaab, inspired by revolutions in some Arab countries. We are certain that the tribes are capable of expelling the radical al-Shabaab group from their areas, if they have an honest and strong will to do so," he said.
Saeed said tribes can play a significant role in the war against al-Shabaab by helping the government expel its members from their areas and by passing on information to the security services regarding the organisation's movements.
Al-Shabaab harasses locals
Hussein Mohamud Osoble, a commander in the pro-government Ahlu Sunna wal Jamaa militia, said al-Shabaab "relentlessly blackmails and terrorises innocent civilians".
"They have been imposing huge taxes on tribes living in the areas under its control in the central Galgadud region," he said. "Militants have imposed fines on clans and local residents ranging between $6,000 and $9,000, according to the size of the clan, in the eastern part of the Galgadud region, with the goal of financing their terrorist activities."
Osoble said local residents have no choice but to pay the money for fear of the consequences.
Political analyst Abdiqadir Muse says al-Shabaab imposes taxes on tribes because its funding sources have dried up as a result of losing control of important cities and areas that provided income for the group.
"Since al-Shabaab has lost many strategic locations and big cities over the past few months, the group has been in critical condition and unable to pay its fighters' salaries due to the group's shortage of funding," Muse told Sabahi.
"As al-Shabaab's funding sources have started to dry up, the group has resorted to imposing taxes and huge fines on the tribes," he said.Misinterpreting Islam to justify theft
Lawmaker Mohamed Omar Gedi said al-Shabaab has started to steal livestock from citizens in Juba on the pretext of collecting zakat.
"The radicals sell the stolen livestock on the market to finance their terrorist attacks against the Somali people," he said. "This kind of behaviour is damning evidence that the radicals' practices are unrelated to Islam because Islam forbids stealing livestock from poor people and using the money to finance unjust wars against the people."
Gedi said al-Shabaab has resorted to several other methods to finance its terrorist activities, such as kidnapping foreigners for ransom and conspiring with Somali pirates.
Sheikh Ahmed Dhiisow, who heads the Council of Religious Scholars of Somalia, said al-Shabaab does not have the religious authority to collect zakat. He said al-Shabaab misinterprets Islam and is ideologically deviant, which is why its members have been proud to announce that they are disciples of al-Qaeda in Somalia.
"What al-Shabaab is doing in Somalia cannot be called jihad. The concept of jihad is to empower the weak, protect Muslim land and spread Islam -- not to vilify Muslims and blow up innocent people," Dhiisow told Sabahi.